Themes and Meanings (Critical Guide to Poetry for Students)

The basic theme of the poem is asserted in the title: an effort at speech as opposed to clear and meaningful speech that is heard and understood. The poem expresses the need to share and communicate, and it implies the difficulty of achieving this with others or even with oneself. Critic Louise Kertesz, in The Poetic Vision of Muriel Rukeyser (1980), refers to “Effort at Speech Between Two People” as a classic dialogue, but whether the poem is seen as a dialogue or a monologue, the message is the same: It is difficult to know oneself and to know others, and it is difficult to reveal oneself in a world where people move in crowds and do not speak. The world is a lonely place where strangers ache with the need for intimacy. This theme is made explicit in the rhythmic refrains “Grow to know me” and “Speak to me,” which express the human need to communicate and the difficulty of achieving true communication.

This need to know people applies to knowing oneself, as shown by the speaker’s memories of earlier eras of her life and her attempts to understand what she is now. It also refers to the basic human longing to be understood (as in the phrase “First my mind in your hand”), which, for the speaker, should precede touch and make possible the linking of the minutes of the day with each other or make “separate entities” come together like pieces of a puzzle. Further, this need to know refers to knowing other people. To know other...

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