Edward II, the headstrong, dissolute king of England. In his attempts to please his sycophantic favorites, Gaveston and Spencer, he neglects his responsibilities to the state, alienates Queen Isabella, and provokes rebellion among his nobles, who deprive him of his crown and eventually of his life. He responds to his dethronement with histrionic protests that are echoed by William Shakespeare’s Richard II. Like Richard II, Edward II expresses a longing for a quiet life of contemplation.
Piers Gaveston (pihrz GAV-ehs-tuhn), Edward’s ambitious favorite. He deliberately plans to corrupt his weak monarch with music, poetry, and “Italian masks,” and to enrich himself at the expense of the English lords, whom he views with unceasing scorn. He overestimates Edward’s power to protect his friends and falls into the hands of his bitter enemies, Mortimer and Warwick, who have him killed.
Hugh Spencer, Gaveston’s protégé and successor in Edward’s favor. He urges the king to stand firm against the seditious barons and sends messengers to thwart Isabella’s pleas for aid from the French king. Loyal to Edward to the end, he flees with him to Ireland, where he is captured. He is returned to England and hanged.
Queen Isabella, Edward’s neglected wife. She remains loyal to her husband during his first infatuation with Gaveston, although it grieves and repels her. To please Edward, she even appeals to Mortimer to allow Piers to return from exile. The king’s continual rejection of her and her failure to win help from the king of France, her brother, drive her into the arms of Mortimer. She becomes a far less sympathetic figure as Mortimer’s mistress and accomplice in his...
(The entire section is 764 words.)