Study Guide

Edith Hamilton

Edith Hamilton Biography

Biography (Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

The renowned classicist Edith Hamilton was born in Germany while her mother was visiting relatives. The misconception that she was of German descent created problems for Hamilton with the passport division of the U.S. State Department throughout her life. In fact, the Hamilton family was primarily of Northern Irish descent and had settled in Fort Wayne, Indiana, decades before Edith Hamilton’s birth.

Her father, Montgomery Hamilton, who had inherited family wealth and never practiced any profession, spent much of his time studying in his personal library and often read to Edith and her younger sister, Alice (who later went on to obtain a medical degree). Besides Alice, Edith had three other younger, talented siblings, Margaret, Norah, and Arthur. Edith spent her early years in Fort Wayne playing with her siblings and other relatives as well as reading anything that she could get her hands on. No doubt, her passion for scholarship derived from this reading-intensive childhood and the gifted intellectual nature of all of the Hamilton children.

Hamilton received her secondary education at Miss Porter’s School in Farmington, Connecticut, which was the first school that she ever attended. By all accounts, the school encouraged very little academic growth within the young women who attended it, but Hamilton made the best of the experience and was soon prepared for college. She then attended Bryn Mawr College, finishing her bachelor’s degree in classics in a mere two years, and won a European Fellowship from the college that enabled her to pursue further study in Europe. Hamilton chose to attend classes first at the University of Leipzig and then at the University of Munich; instead of obtaining a doctoral degree from Munich, though, she decided to return to the United States in the fall of 1896 and assume the post of headmistress of the Bryn Mawr School in Baltimore, a college preparatory school for women. She served in that capacity for twenty-six years, retiring...

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Edith Hamilton Bibliography (Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Hamilton, Alice. Exploring the Dangerous Trades: The Autobiography of Alice Hamilton, M.D. 1943. Reprint. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1985. An autobiography by Edith’s sister.

Parker, Franklin. Edith Hamilton at Ninety-four: A Partial Bibliography. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1961. This bibliography lists Hamilton’s many books and magazine articles, as well as articles about her.

Reid, Doris Fielding. Edith Hamilton: An Intimate Portrait. New York: W. W. Norton, 1967. A very readable and personal look at Edith Hamilton.