Biography (Cyclopedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition)
Ernst Friedrich Fritz Schumacher (SHEW-mahk-ur), a British economist and social philosopher, was born on August 16, 1911, in Bonn, Germany, where his father was a professor of economics at the university. In 1917 the elder Schumacher accepted a post at the University of Berlin, and young Fritz was raised in the comfortable middle-class atmosphere of the cosmopolitan German capital. In 1929 Schumacher enrolled at the University of Bonn, where he was influenced to study economics by Joseph Schumpeter, who later taught at Harvard University. In 1930 he continued his studies at the London School of Economics and attended lectures at the University of Cambridge given by the famous British economist John Maynard Keynes. In October, 1930, Schumacher was awarded a Rhodes scholarship and enrolled at New College, Oxford. In late 1932, he went to New York, where he did research and lectured on economics at Columbia University during the 1933-1934 term.
Returning to Germany, he was effectively blocked from an academic career by his opposition to the Nazi regime but finally found employment as a financial consultant to a director of the Unilever Corporation in England. In October, 1936, he married and immediately left Germany for his new job in London, resolving never to return while the Nazis remained in power.
When World War II started, Schumacher and his wife were interned as enemy aliens and assigned to work on a farm, an experience which led to a...
(The entire section is 1265 words.)
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