Biography (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: During World War II, Eisenhower served with distinction as Allied Commander for the invasions of North Africa, Italy, and France. He won the presidential elections of 1952 and 1956 and guided the country through eight years of peace and prosperity.
Although born in Texas, where his parents lived briefly, Dwight David Eisenhower grew up in the small town of Abilene, Kansas. The Eisenhowers were a close-knit family and belonged to the Brethren Church, part of the heritage of ancestors who had immigrated to Pennsylvania from Germany during the eighteenth century. The third of seven sons (one of whom died as an infant), Dwight Eisenhower enjoyed a secure childhood, completed high school, and worked in a creamery for two years before entering West Point on the basis of a competitive examination. West Point appealed to him because it offered a free college education.
As a cadet, Eisenhower excelled briefly at football until a knee injury ended that career. He proved a conscientious but not exceptional student and was graduated sixty-first in a class of 164. At graduation in 1915, he stood five feet, eleven inches tall and weighed 170 pounds. His classmates remembered and respected “Ike,” as did his boyhood friends, as likable, honest, and confident, a person with a quick temper but a quicker infectious grin. He had an expressive face, blue eyes, and light brown hair that thinned...
(The entire section is 2298 words.)
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Biography (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: Eisenhower received the Distinguished Service Medal for his organization of the Army Tank Corps in World War I. During World War II, he planned and carried out the invasion of North Africa, attacks on Tunisia, Sicily, and Italy, and the D day invasion of Normandy.
Born in Texas and raised in Abilene, Kansas, Dwight D. Eisenhower was one of six sons of David and Ida Elizabeth Stover Eisenhower. Following high school, Eisenhower worked in a creamery for two years to subsidize his brother Edgar’s law school expenses. He then took the entrance examination for the Military Academy at West Point and was ranked second. When the highest ranking candidate failed the physical examination, Eisenhower was appointed to the class of 1915. He received his commission as a second lieutenant upon graduation from West Point, where he ranked sixty-first in a class of 168 cadets.
Eisenhower did not serve in combat during World War I. He was promoted to captain shortly after the United States entered that war in 1917. As the war progressed, he was put in charge of organizing the Army Tank Corps, receiving temporary promotions to major and lieutenant colonel. On...
(The entire section is 631 words.)