Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) (Federal Agency Profiles)
PARENT ORGANIZATION: Department of Justice
ESTABLISHED: July 1, 1973
ADDRESS: 700 Army-Navy Dr. Arlington, VA 22202
PHONE: (202) 307-1000
FAX: (202) 307-7965
ADMINISTRATOR: Thomas A. Constantine
WHAT IS ITS MISSION?
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) describes itself on its Internet homepage as, "the lead agency responsible for the development of overall drug enforcement strategy, programs, planning, and evaluation." Specifically the DEA is responsible for enforcing laws related to illegal drugs; identifying and bringing to trial individuals and groups involved in drug trafficking; and developing proactive strategies to reduce the level of illegal drugs available in the United States and world-wide. In recent years the DEA has sought opportunities to form partnerships with community agencies working with youth in order to discourage illegal drug use.
HOW IS IT STRUCTURED?
The DEA is an agency within the Department of Justice (a cabinet-level department), and is part of the executive branch of government. Led by an...
(The entire section is 2674 words.)
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Drug Enforcement Administration (West's Encyclopedia of American Law)
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) was established in 1973 by President RICHARD M. NIXON as part of the JUSTICE DEPARTMENT, thus uniting a number of federal drug agencies that had often worked at cross-purposes. Its mission is to "enforce the controlled substances laws and regulations of the United States and bring to the criminal and civil justice system those organizations and principal members of organizations who are involved in the growing, manufacture, or distribution of controlled substances in the United States." In addition to its domestic oversight the DEA has sole responsibility for coordinating and pursuing U.S. drug investigations abroad. The DEA also works closely with federal, state, local, and INTERNATIONAL LAW enforcement agencies to address drugs and drug-related crime.
The DEA concentrates on investigating and prosecuting organizations and their members who are involved in the cultivation, production, SMUGGLING, distribution, or diversion of controlled substances in or destined for the United States. The agency seeks to disrupt these organizations by arresting their members, confiscating their drugs, and seizing their assets. It creates, manages, and supports enforcement-related programs, both...
(The entire section is 1060 words.)
DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) (World of Forensic Science)
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is the lead agency of the United States government for the enforcement of federal statutes on narcotics and controlled substances. Created in 1973, it is a division
Although it exists to enforce the drug laws of the United States, the DEA operates on a worldwide basis. It presents materials to the U.S. civil and criminal justice system, or to any other competent jurisdiction, regarding those individuals and organizations involved in the cultivation, production, smuggling, distribution, or diversion of controlled substances appearing in or destined for illegal traffic in the United States.
The DEA's job is to immobilize those organizations by arresting their members, confiscating their drugs, and seizing their assets. Among its responsibilities are investigation of major narcotics violators operating at the interstate or international levels; seizure of drug-related assets; management of a national narcotics intelligence system; coordination with federal, state, and local law enforcement authorities, as well with counterpart agencies abroad; and training, scientific research, and information exchange in support of prevention and control of drug traffic. Part of these duties involves forensic accounting and forensic investigations of crime scenes.
Exemplifying this role, from its beginning, the DEA was concerned with the collection, analysis, and dissemination of drug-related intelligence through its Operations Division, which supplied federal, state, local, and foreign officials with information. Originally, the agency had just a few intelligence analysts, but as the need grew, so did the staff, such that by the end of the twentieth century, the DEA's intelligence personneloth analysts and special agentsumbered nearly 700.
Along the way, demand for drug-related intelligence became so great that the DEA leadership, recognizing how overtaxed the operations division was, in August 1992, created the Intelligence Division. The latter consists of four entities: the Office of Intelligence Liaison and Policy, the Office of Investigative Intelligence, the Office of Intelligence Research, and the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC). The last of these, located in El Paso, Texas, served as a clearinghouse for tactical intelligence (intelligence on which immediate enforcement action can be based) related to worldwide drug movement and smuggling. Eleven federal agencies participate at EPIC in the coordination of intelligence programs related to interdiction.
The DEA also creates, manages, and supports domestic and international enforcement programs aimed at reducing the availability and demand for controlled substances. Among its dozens of programs is Demand Reduction, a program operated by 22 special agents at 21 domestic field divisions to educate youth and communities as a whole, to train lawenforcement personnel, and to encourage drug-free workplaces.
Demand Reduction falls under the heading of the first of three goals the DEA established late in the twentieth century, and toward which it continued to work in the early twenty-first. That first goal is to educate and enable America's youth to reject illegal drugs as well as alcohol and tobacco products. Among the programs in the service of the second goalo increase the safety of America's citizens by substantially reducing drug-related crimere the Mobile Enforcement Teams, which work to dismantle drug organizations. The third goal, to break foreign and domestic drug sources of supply, places the DEA in collaboration with foreign governments and agencies through programs such as the Northern Border Response Force. The DEA also works with other federal agencies, including the Department of Justice National Drug Intelligence Center. DEA intelligence itself serves this third goal.
SEE ALSO Evidence; Illicit drugs.