Summary (Masterplots, Fourth Edition)
Urras and Annares are twin planets orbiting Tau Ceti, a star eleven light years from Earth. Roughly a million years ago, Urras, Earth, and a number of other planets were colonized by Hain. The Hainish abandoned their colonies, which subsequently evolved in different directions. The nation of A Io has become the most powerful on Urras. A highly class stratified society, it experiences an uprising by anarchists led by the revolutionary Laia Odo. The anarchists fail to bring about revolution, but they are permitted to colonize Annares, Urras’s barely habitable desert moon, where they are free to order their colony as they see fit. Once the colony is founded, the people of Annares and Urras have minimal contact. Eighty years later, the Hainish reestablish contact with Urras.
Seventy years after the Hainish contact Urras, an Annarean physicist named Shevek is invited to A Io to receive a coveted scientific prize and continue his work on the simultaneity principle, which his hosts believe holds the key to faster-than-light space travel. Shevek accepts the invitation, becoming the first person from either society to travel between the moon and the planet since Annares was colonized. Shevek sees himself as an emissary of reconciliation between Annares and Urras. Some of his fellow Annaresti consider him a traitor and attempt, unsuccessfully, to prevent his departure.
Shevek’s childhood has been spent in an “ambiguous utopia,” a society in...
(The entire section is 1318 words.)
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Summary (Magill's Survey of American Literature, Revised Edition)
In The Dispossessed: An Ambiguous Utopia, Urras and Annares are twin planets. To deal with Odo, a troublesome revolutionary anarchist, and her followers on Urras, they were allowed to colonize Annares, with the understanding that they would mine the planet and supply the exhausted resources of Urras. Though the Odonian principles of consensus politics and cooperation are utopian, the actual culture on Annares, after more than a century of development, is bureaucratic and anti-individualistic. As a result the culture is stagnating. A great physicist, such as Shevek, the protagonist, finds his work thwarted repeatedly and his talents often wasted because his culture has come to use “the collective” to devalue the individual.
Shevek is a key character in the novels of the Hainish series, because he is the inventor of the ansible. He develops a temporal theory that makes it possible to build a device for instantaneous communication across light years of space. Whereas radio signals travel at light speed through ordinary space, the ansible “signals” can appear in two places simultaneously. The ansible makes the Ekumen possible, the Ekumen being a federation of planets connected primarily by the ability to exchange information quickly but the inability to exchange persons, materials, or ships with such speed. One result is that they can communicate more easily than they can fight wars. The ansible has become one of the key inventions of recent...
(The entire section is 456 words.)