"Disasters of War" (Terrorism: Essential Primary Sources)
Spanish Insurgents Successfully Employ Terrorism Against Napoleonic Domination.
By: Francisco José Goya y Lucientes
Date: Created 1810; first published 1863.
Source: Etchings entitled Fatales consequencias de la sangrieta Guerra en España con Buonaparte. Y Otros Caprichos Enfáticos" (Fatal Consequences of the Bloody War in Spain with Bonaparte. And Other Caprices). San Fernando: Royal Academy of Fine Arts, 1863. The series became popularly known as Disasters of War.
About the Author: Francisco José Goya y Lucientes was born in the village of Fuendetodos, near Saragossa, Spain, on March 30, 1746. He began his career as an artist in the 1770s when he completed a series of frescoes for the Royal Academy, created designs for the Madrid textile industry, and painted portraits of wealthy patrons. In 1789, he rose to the prestigious position of court painter to King Carlos IV. An illness that struck in 1792 left him completely deaf. From 1808 to 1813, Goya was the official court painter to Spanish King Joseph Bonaparte. Goya died on April 16, 1828, after pioneering the expression of uninhibited, realistic actions and emotions in his paintings, a style that was not to...
(The entire section is 1140 words.)
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