Decline and Fall Summary

Summary (Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

At Scone College in Oxford, the annual dinner of the Bollinger Club ends with the breaking of glass. Reeling out of Sir Alastair Digby-Vaine-Trumpington’s rooms, the drunken aristocrats run to earth the inoffensive divinity student Paul Pennyfeather and forcibly leave him trouserless before they go roaring off into the night. Bollinger members can be fined, but the college authorities feel that Paul deserves more severe punishment for running across the quadrangle in his shorts. As a result, he is sent down for indecent behavior. After informing him that under his father’s will his legacy could be withheld for unsatisfactory behavior, his unsympathetic guardian virtuously announces his intention to cut off Paul’s allowance.

Through a shoddy firm of scholastic agents, Paul becomes a junior assistant master at Llanabba Castle, Wales. Llanabba is not a good school. Its head is Dr. Augustus Fagan, whose lectures on service are intended to cover up the inadequacies of his institution. He has two daughters: Flossie, a vulgar young woman with matrimonial ambitions, and Diana, who economizes on sugar and soap. One of the masters is Mr. Prendergast, a former clergyman who suffers from doubts. The other is Captain Grimes, who wears a false leg and is, as he frankly admits, periodically in the soup. A bounder and a scoundrel, he puts his faith in the public-school system, which may kick a man out but never lets him down. Grimes thinks he was put on his feet more often than any public-school man alive. His reluctant engagement to Flossie is his protection against the next time he finds himself in trouble.

Paul is in charge of the fifth form. When he meets his class for the first time, most of the boys claim that their name is Tangent. An uproar arises between the would-be Tangents and a few non-Tangents, but Paul puts an end to the situation by announcing that the writer of the longest essay will receive half a crown. After that, he has no more trouble. Mr. Prendergast, whose own students behave outrageously and make fun of his wig, wonders why Paul’s classes are always so quiet. Paul considers young Peter Beste-Chetwynde the most interesting of his pupils.

Arthur Potts is one of the few men Paul knew at Scone; he writes that Alastair Trumpington regrets Paul’s dismissal and wants to send him twenty pounds. Hearing of the offer, Grimes wires for the money in Paul’s name.

When several parents expressed their intention to visit Llanabba Castle, Dr. Fagan decides to honor their visit with the annual field sports meet. Philbrick, the butler, objects to his extra duties. He confides to Paul that he is a crook who took the post in order to kidnap little Lord Tangent, but that he reformed after falling in love with Diana. He tells Mr. Prendergast that he is really Sir Solomon Philbrick, a millionaire shipowner, and he leaves Grimes under the impression that he is a novelist collecting material for a book.

The sports meet is not a success. Lady...

(The entire section is 1224 words.)