Themes and Meanings

(Literary Essentials: World Fiction)

In Death on the Installment Plan, Céline is obsessed with human suffering and death and with the individual’s efforts to cope with those horrible realities. At the end of the novel, Ferdinand becomes aware that from the moment of birth the individual is being prepared for the grave. Initially, Ferdinand, exposed to so many instances of emotional, spiritual, and physical deaths, is overwhelmed by despair, but he comes to understand and accept the frightening truth that all are paying for death on the installment plan. This realization enables him to cope with his existence. He is able to pick up the pieces and survive.

The novel is an indictment of Céline’s society, which he perceives as vicious and as the primary agent of death, whether emotional, spiritual, or literal. The conditions of modern life encourage distrust, betrayal, rancor, brutality, persecution, and selfishness. Céline believed that it was his duty to open his readers’ eyes to the baseness and ugliness spawned by French society. He provides graphic, naturalistic details of dust, decay, stench, vomit, and excrement. He portrays the destruction of family life, the bankruptcy of business, the callousness of the health care system. He is unsparing in his evocation of the revolting and the nauseating.

Such a world forces Ferdinand to withdraw into himself and to develop a loathing both of it and of himself. Céline’s vision of society, however, is not totally...

(The entire section is 450 words.)