Study Guide

A Day in the Death of Joe Egg

by Peter Nichols

A Day in the Death of Joe Egg Themes

Themes and Meanings (Survey of Dramatic Literature)

The characters of A Day in the Death of Joe Egg display various ways, all of them unsatisfactory, of coping with a difficult—even hopeless—situation. The three new characters in the second act, for example, have simply not given much thought to Bri and Sheila’s difficulties. Freddie has facile suggestions that might improve the household a bit but would not touch the central problem. Pam would simply eliminate the central problem, but in such an absolutely heartless way that even she knows that she cannot say it aloud except to the audience in an aside. And Grace has virtually no mind at all, although in her unthinking way she seems to go along with Sheila’s hope.

Sheila is the great practitioner of hope, and, especially in the first act, Nichols presents her sympathetically—as if he himself shares and advocates her hope. She is kind to all living things: her plants and pets, her friends, various charitable causes (such as unwed mothers), her husband (although she is less attentive than she should be to him), and, above all, her unfortunate daughter Joe. Nichols suggests, however, that there may be something a little unhealthy about Sheila’s kindness; she seems almost to prefer that the objects of her kindness have a pathetic and maimed quality so that she can feel sorry for them and take care of them more.

Bri is Sheila’s foil, especially with regard to this hope. He goes along with Sheila’s folly, as he perceives it, but it has been several years since he has been able to even partially share it. He does not hate Joe, but he regards her as a hopeless case. Much of the...

(The entire section is 662 words.)