David Storey Biography


(Critical Edition of Dramatic Literature)

Although a character in one of David Malcolm Storey’s plays remarks that “sport and art don’t mix,” those two apparent opposites did indeed mix at a crucial period in Storey’s own development. The son of a coal miner, Storey was born on July 13, 1933, in Wakefield, Yorkshire—located in northeastern England. In 1953, after attending local schools, Storey began his studies at the Slade School of Fine Art in London, receiving his diploma in 1956. During that time, he commuted on weekends back up to the north, where he played professional football for the Leeds Rugby League Club from 1952 to 1956. After his marriage in 1956, he worked at a number of odd jobs—among them teacher, farm worker, and erector of circus tents, all of which would be reflected in his plays—before he turned to writing. In 1959, when his earliest attempts at fiction proved to be unmarketable, he tried drama, but his first work in the medium, The Restoration of Arnold Middleton, did not finally reach the stage until it was produced in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1966. Following the phenomenal success of This Sporting Life in 1960 and the publication of two more novels within three years, Storey turned his energies once again to the theater and, in a tremendous burst of creative inspiration, wrote four of his most important plays: In Celebration and The Contractor, both written in 1969; Home, written in 1970; and The Changing Room,...

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David Storey Biography

(Survey of Novels and Novellas)

David Malcolm Storey was born in Wakefield, Yorkshire, the third son of Frank Richmond, a coal miner, and Lily Cartwright Storey. He attended Queen Elizabeth Grammar School and went on to study art from 1951 to 1953 at the Wakefield College of Art. He needed additional financial assistance to continue his education, so in 1952 he signed a fourteen-year contract with the professional Leeds Rugby League Club. In pursuit of his art, both visual and literary, he was awarded a scholarship to study at the Slade School of Fine Arts in London and graduated with a diploma in fine arts in 1956. Although he was entered into the art program, Storey has said in interviews that he choose art so he would have the time to write.

In 1956, the fledgling novelist and painter married language teacher Barbara Rudd Hamilton and, with her encouragement, arranged a release from his rugby team contract. From 1957 until 1960 he worked as a substitute teacher at seventeen different schools around London’s tough East End. Storey’s disillusionment and his experiences with demoralized fellow teachers and disruptive students are recurring elements in his novels and plays.

During the time when Storey was teaching he faced steady rejection in selling his first novel, This Sporting Life, so he decided to write a play that he titled “To Die with the Philistines.” Shortly after he finished the script, he received word that the American publishing company Macmillan wanted to buy his novel while it was being published simultaneously in England by Longmans. When he won the Macmillan Fiction Award and received the seventy-five hundred dollars in monetary remuneration, he and his wife were expecting their first child (they would eventually have four) and were fifty pounds in debt. With the sale of his novel, Storey was able to quit teaching and devote his energy to writing full time. In the intervening years, in addition to more novels, he has written screenplay adaptations of This Sporting Life (1963) and his play The Celebration (1975) as well as television scripts, articles, and poetry. He has also served as associate artistic director at the Royal Court Theatre.

David Storey Biography

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

The third son of Frank Richmond and Lily Cartwright Storey, David Storey—professional rugby player, teacher, artist, novelist, poet, and dramatist—was born on July 13, 1933, in Wakefield, a cathedral town in the north of England, famous for the Wakefield cycle of medieval mystery plays. Storey’s father, a self-educated miner, consistently encouraged his sons’ education as a means of rising to the middle class. For the father, however, the middle class evidently did not include painters or writers. The generation gap between father and son, at least in 1963, posed “no hope of reconciliation.” Among the most reclusive of his contemporaries, Storey has preferred to express the inevitable and painful alienation from his working-class roots in his writing rather than in interviews.

In the introduction to the first volume of his collected plays, he writes of an early experience in the theater. At the age of nine, he was taken by an elder brother to see William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (pr. c. 1600-1601, pb. 1603) at the Grand Theatre in Leeds. He recalls his irritation with the absurdity and pretense of the performance. What was missing in the production was drama, something he vividly experienced the next day. Having missed the last bus, he and his brother had to walk the twelve miles to Wakefield, arriving home at dawn. There was, in his words, much agitation, relief, and recrimination on the part of his parents, who had called the police to report their missing sons. That same drama of personal conflicts, with its attendant residue of guilt, remains the thematic hallmark not only of Storey’s plays but also of his novels.

His education and early jobs reflect his own attempts to free himself from restricting, centuries-old, working-class routines. He attended Queen Elizabeth Grammar School from 1951 to 1953,...

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David Storey Biography

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

David Storey’s metaphor for life is the family. Much of his work consists of imaginative re-creations of his own family. He was himself one of three sons of a Yorkshire coal miner, and many of the families he has depicted in his novels and plays, including In Celebration, Saville, A Prodigal Child (1982), Present Times (1984), Stages (pr., pb. 1992), and A Serious Man, fit a similar description. He often uses the same names, such as Andrew, Colin and Steven, for more than one of his characters.

Even when a family is not literally at the center of the story, the idea of family emerges in relationships formed for a particular occasion, such as a rugby match, a construction job, or recovery from mental illness. In these variations of the family unit, bitter conflicts are absent for the brief time that a communal spirit takes over; rules and rituals make harmony possible. Such harmony may be denied: The Shaw family in In Celebration, for example, does not achieve it, and it evaporates toward the end of Saville.

In opting for the story whose main event is not dramatized, Storey has made a distinctive, immediately recognizable contribution to modern English drama. He has also created compelling novels out of the material of memory and vivid imagination.

David Storey Biography

(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

David Malcolm Storey is renowned as both a novelist and a playwright. His works are awaited in Great Britain as major statements on his times by a writer whom many consider to be the best of his generation. Born the third son of a coal miner, Storey was reared on a large urban housing estate in the provincial north of England. His life was complicated from the first by the fact that an elder brother died before his birth, leaving his mother in the grips of a suicidal grief. (Another brother, Anthony, is a minor novelist known for his melodramatic mixing of theology and eroticism.)

The young Storey’s sense of being an outsider was exacerbated by his being educated out of his class at Wakefield’s Queen Elizabeth Grammar School and by his decision, at age seventeen, to become an artist. This determination involved him in a class and family struggle. Two years at Wakefield College of Art were made more desolate by his teachers’ pressuring him to become a commercial artist. Next, disappointed by his failure to train for a professional life, his parents refused to sign his application form to the Slade School of Fine Art in London. Then, in order to support himself fully while in school, Storey played professionally for Leeds Rugby League Club for four seasons. In a 1982 interview he commented on the psychological strain of living in two opposing worlds: “When I played football the other players thought I was homosexual, and at the Slade, they thought I was a yob [hooligan].” Storey’s move to London was final; his marriage to Barbara Rudd Hamilton in 1956 produced two sons and two daughters. His painting won for him several prizes, but it was to writing that Storey dedicated himself after leaving art school.

Storey’s Leeds experiences are evident in This Sporting Life, the story of professional rugby footballer Arthur Machin’s tender but abortive affair with his downtrodden landlady, and his discovery that material “success” (as defined by both the working and the middle classes of England in the newly prosperous late 1950’s) cannot bring a sense of wholeness of belonging. The novel was the eighth that Storey had written (he has continued to write far more than he publishes) and went the rounds of more than a dozen publishers over a four-year period before it was finally accepted. Similarly, Storey’s first play, The Restoration of Arthur...

(The entire section is 979 words.)