David Lloyd George (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: While guiding his country through the trials of World War I, Lloyd George ushered in a new era: the age of the common man as world leader.
David Lloyd George was born January 17, 1863, in Manchester. His father, William George, was a schoolmaster of Welsh descent; his mother, Elizabeth Lloyd, was the daughter of a Welshman. David soon became acquainted with his roots; after the death of her husband in 1864, Elizabeth Lloyd took her two children (another son was born subsequently) to live with her brother in Llanystumdwy, Wales. From his uncle, Richard Lloyd, a dissenting Baptist preacher, liberal political activist, and master shoemaker, Lloyd George acquired not only his distinctive surname but also his talent for oratory, his passion for social issues, and his characteristic willfulness.
Most photographs of Lloyd George feature the prominent shock of flowing white hair and distinctive mustache, and date generally from his tenure as prime minister during and after World War I. Other photographs from as late as 1912 show a much younger-looking man, with darker hair and a fresher face, harboring the same piercing eyes; comparison reveals the strain Lloyd George bore during the nightmarish stalemate of “the war to end all wars.”
Growing up in the Welsh countryside, Lloyd George learned early of the inherent political, social, and religious conflicts between his...
(The entire section is 1799 words.)
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David Lloyd George (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: During World War I, Lloyd George served as minister of munitions, then as Britain’s prime minister.
Born in England and raised in Wales, David Lloyd George established a successful law career and entered Parliament as a Liberal. Known for his radical views and abilities as a speaker, Lloyd George rose to hold a series of government offices in the Liberal governments of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and Herbert Henry Asquith.
At first opposed to Britain’s entry into World War I, Lloyd George changed his mind following the German violation of Belgian neutrality. In 1915, he was appointed minister of munitions in a coalition government. In this position, he made probably his greatest contribution to the war. With great energy, Lloyd George mobilized Britain’s resources to increase munition and armament production. He became increasingly critical of the higher direction of the war and of the generals.
In December, 1916, with Conservative support, Lloyd George replaced Asquith as prime minister. Under his dynamic leadership, the cabinet was reduced from twenty-three members to a small war cabinet of five. Ministries of labor, food, and shipping were established. Lloyd George favored greater Allied cooperation and unity of the military command structure. Never satisfied with the attrition warfare on the western front, Lloyd George favored attacking the Central Powers at their...
(The entire section is 287 words.)