David Jones Biography


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

David Michael Jones was born of an English mother and a Welsh father; both their heritages would become rich sources for his work in words and pictures. In his youth, Jones trained to be an artist at the Camberwell School of Art, but in January, 1915, shortly after World War I broke out, he enlisted as a private in the Royal Welch Fusiliers. He was swept up into an ordeal that would permanently scar him, and his whole generation, psychologically as well as physically. By December he was fighting in the trenches in France. The following July he received a wound at Mametz Wood during the Battle of the Somme and was evacuated to Warwickshire, England. He would eventually base the narrative of his ambitious prose-poem or “writing” entitled In Parenthesis on this harrowing seven-month period. After three months’ convalescence he returned to the front to serve until the Armistice.

A second turning point in Jones’s life and art occurred in 1921 when he met the Catholic sculptor Eric Gill and was himself received into the Roman Catholic Church. Shortly thereafter, he joined Gill and his community of craftsmen at Ditchling, Sussex, where he devoted his energies to his increasingly admired graphic work. It was not until 1928 that he began to work seriously in the medium of words and embarked on In Parenthesis. Jones’s method for this long modernist work was profoundly influenced by T. S. Eliot’s The Waste Land, not only in its juxtaposition of discontinuous fragments but also in its recourse to ancient myth as a source of inspiration and cohesion in an age of cultural fragmentation.The seven-part narrative centers on Private John Ball (who resembles Jones himself) and his company, but the work draws on Welsh epic, William...

(The entire section is 723 words.)

David Jones Biography

(British and Irish Poetry, Revised Edition)

Walter David Michael Jones was born in Brockley, Kent, the youngest of three children. His father, a printer who was also a lay reader in the Church of England, came from North Wales. His mother was a Londoner whose father was a barge builder at Rotherhithe on the River Thames. David attended the local parish church and was educated locally, early demonstrating a gift for drawing.

At the age of fourteen, he entered the newly formed Camberwell School of Art in south London, where he studied from 1909 through 1914. At the outbreak of World War I, despite his poor physique, he managed to enroll in the London Welsh Battalion of the Royal Welsh Regiment, which was made up of London Cockney boys and Welshmen. By this time, Jones had become interested in his Welsh roots, especially after visits to relatives in North Wales. During his service, Jones sustained wounds, contracted trench fever, and finished the war in a peacekeeping force in Ireland. He was demobilized in 1919. Many of Jones’s war experiences found their way into his long poem In Parenthesis.

As a war veteran, Jones was granted a scholarship to the Westminster School of Art, a center of British modernism. He was particularly attracted to Eric Gill, a Catholic convert who was establishing a reputation as a modernist sculptor. When Jones left the school in 1921, he joined the Catholic arts community Gill had founded in southern England and became a Catholic, a move that created a breach between him and his father. He also fell in love with Petra, Gill’s...

(The entire section is 631 words.)