Biography (Dictionary of World Biography: Middle Ages)
Article abstract: By granting feudal tenures to Anglo-Normans, extending the diocesan system, encouraging monastic growth, defeating various Scottish opponents, remodeling his government along patterns found in England and France, and protecting his interests along the Anglo-Scottish border, David created a more united kingdom built upon the thriving European institutions of his day.
David I of Scotland, born probably between 1080 and 1085, was the sixth son of King Malcolm III Canmore (1058-1093) and his second wife, Saint Margaret of Scotland, the daughter of Edward the Atheling and sister of Edgar the Atheling, the last male representative of the royal house of Wessex. David’s earliest years were spent in an environment that had strong ties, through Saint Margaret and her intimates, with the Anglo-Saxon past and the ecclesiastical currents of the day. This peaceful childhood came to an abrupt end in the autumn of 1093. Malcolm, while on his fifth raid into northern England, and Edward, his second son but Saint Margaret’s eldest son, were killed in early November. Upon receiving news of their deaths, Saint Margaret died of grief while attending a mass. The Scots chose the dead king’s brother, Donald III, as their new king. Donald expelled the English, who had been a part of Malcolm’s court. Probably about this time David and his siblings fled to the court of William II of England.
(The entire section is 1989 words.)
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