A Daughter of Han Essay - Critical Context

Ida Pruitt

Critical Context

Of Pruitt’s several books about Chinese life, A Daughter of Han is generally thought to be her best. There have been many first-person accounts of life under Chinese Communist Party rule, including experiences of the Cultural Revolution in the 1960’s. These are more modern narratives, however, and they say little about the daily circumstances of Chinese working people in the earlier part of the twentieth century. In comparison with Pearl S. Buck’s The Good Earth (1931), a more famous book about ordinary Chinese people that describes them from the viewpoint of a sympathetic American, Pruitt’s account of Mistress Ning’s life is much more intimate.

In the half-century after Pruitt wrote A Daughter of Han, the Chinese government tried to change the way in which Chinese women lived, worked, and were treated before the law. The Marriage Law of 1950 guaranteed women the right to divorce abusive husbands and marry again if their husbands died. Other laws guaranteed their right to education, work, property, and to make decisions for themselves. One of the most difficult issues in contemporary life, however, was the gap between the spirit of these laws and the fact that Chinese women were still oppressed in many ways by custom and by the expectations of neighbors and relatives, the very people who loved them. A Daughter of Han, with its detailed discussion of what life was like for women in China before 1940, helps to explain why the reality of a woman’s life in China has continued to fall short of the goals of equality and justice.