Darius the Great Conquers the Indus Valley (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: Darius the Great of Persia explored and added the Indus Valley to his empire, allowing commerce and ideas to flow easily between east and west.
Summary of Event
The Persian Empire under its Achaemenid rulers (705-330 b.c.e.) was the largest political entity in the Near East until Alexander the Great (356-323 b.c.e.) briefly united all the countries from Greece to India. No historical narratives composed by the Persians have survived, and it is likely that none were ever written. However, Persian monarchs often commissioned monumental inscriptions to be placed in public places at decisive moments during their reigns. These impressive inscriptions functioned as political propaganda, lauding the ruler and his most recent public works and conquests. They often concluded with a list of the provinces subject to Persian rule at the time. The growth of the empire is related in these lists.
Greek writers constitute the only other major source of information about the Achaemenid Empire. Chief among these is the historian Herodotus (c. 484-c. 425 b.c.e.), whose Historiai Herodotou (c. 424 b.c.e.; The History, 1709) is devoted to the rise of Persia and its relations with Greece. A few other Greek writers provide occasional nuggets of information, as do some books in the Hebrew Bible.
The Persian Empire included a part of the Indus River Valley on its eastern frontier...
(The entire section is 1757 words.)
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