Cyrus the Great Founds the Persian Empire (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: Cyrus’s march against Croesus, whose rich kingdom of Lydia controlled most of western Antolia, led to the capture of the Lydian capital of Sardis and the founding of the Persian Empire, led by the Achaemenian kings until it was conquered by Alexander the Great in 330 b.c.e.
Summary of Event
Cyrus the Great, the first Achaemenian emperor, founded Persia by uniting the two original Iranian tribes, the Medes and Persians, in 549 b.c.e. Cyrus’s name in Old Persian was Kurush, which probably meant “old dog” or possibly just “son” in a local dialect. According to the Greek historian Herodotus (c. 484-c. 424 b.c.e.), Cyrus’s father was the Iranian nobleman Cambyses I (c. 530 b.c.e.) and his mother, the Median princess Mandane, was the daughter of Astyages, the last king of the Medes, who ruled the area of Persia at the time of Cyrus’s birth. However, other notable historians, such as Ctesias (fl. c. 400 b.c.e.), claimed that many accounts of Cyrus’s life were merely legends. Although intertribal marriages to solidify power were common, it may also be that the account of Cambyses’ Median marriage was fabricated to encourage Median acceptance of Cyrus’s rule.
Cyrus inherited the throne of the district of Anshan in 559 b.c.e. and quickly gathered under his leadership local tribes in Iran, especially in Pars, now the province of Fars. (The form “Pars” is the root of the word...
(The entire section is 1575 words.)
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