Crow (American Indians Ready Reference)
The Crow tribe, of Siouan ancestry, split off from the agriculturalist Hidatsa tribe. Crows, who called themselves Absaroka (bird people, or children of the long-beaked bird), were hunter-gatherers who inhabited parts of Montana and Wyoming. The tribe was divided into three groups by yearly migration patterns. They were one of the tribes which cooperated with European settlers and the U.S. government (as army scouts, for example). This policy, and the accomplishments of astute Crow chiefs, led to preservation of some Crow ancestral lands as a Crow reservation. Modern Crows have been fairly successful in accommodating to modern American ways while retaining tribal values. Among their many achievements are the election of a Crow to the Montana State Senate and a Crow Fair, which creates income from tourism.
The Crow or Absaroka are a Hokan-Siouan tribe. It has been said that the name “Crow” (or Kite) came from misconceptions of French explorers and that the tribe was actually named for the sparrow hawk. The Absaroka arose between the mid-sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, after two groups broke away from the Hidatsa tribe. Hidatsas were Indian agriculturalists who lived along the...
(The entire section is 3042 words.)
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