Summary (Masterplots II: African American Literature, Revised Edition)
Crossing the River is a novel of the African diaspora, following the life stories of three Africans. Each is portrayed as being in some sense the child of a nameless father who sells his children into slavery, and, although each spends much of his or her life outside of slavery, this “peculiar institution” has indelibly marked them all.
Nash, Martha, and Travis cannot be the actual children of the unnamed father whose lament frames the novel: At least two generations separate Nash Williams from the father’s sale of his children, and an even greater time gap exists for the others. The characters are therefore either the real or the spiritual descendants of the father’s children. The father listens from afar for his children’s voices for 250 years. The biblical echoes of this figure are unmistakable; he lives in mythic time.
The novel’s first section, “The Pagan Coast,” tells of Nash Williams’s resettlement in West Africa. He arrives in 1834, filled with enthusiasm and high hopes. Nash first settles in Monrovia, then moves upriver into the countryside, where he starts a school. He converts some fifty Africans to Christianity. He relates these achievements in letters he sends to Edward, his former owner. Thanking God and Edward for his good fortune, Nash pleads for some small items he cannot obtain in Africa. There is no reply. Edward never receives his letters. As time goes on, Nash feels increasing desperation about...
(The entire section is 734 words.)
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