Congress Recognizes the Bureau of Land Management (Great Events from History II: Ecology and the Environment Series)
Article abstract: The Federal Land Policy and Management Act declared the intent of Congress to retain permanently the remaining public domain and legislatively established the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).
Summary of Event
The Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA) provided congressional recognition of the authority of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) in managing the public lands. The law also officially established a policy of permanently retaining the remaining public domain lands. Passage of the act was marked by considerable negotiation between conservation, livestock grazing, and mining interest groups. Until the act passed, the BLM had rarely had the support or interest of conservation groups.
Because of the circumstances of its creation from the ruins of the Grazing Service in 1946, the BLM lacked a strong legislative mandate. Over the years, Congress had passed more than 3,500 individual laws dealing with the public lands, and there was no coherent management policy to guide the bureau. Early in the John F. Kennedy Administration, the BLM began to seek a series of laws that would modernize the agency’s legislative mandates. The bureau began to draft laws to reform procedures for sale of nonmineral lands. In 1961, the Department of the Interior submitted a legislative proposal to Congress that would reform the land-sale laws, provide basic authority to the BLM to manage the...
(The entire section is 2147 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!