Composting/Landfills (Science Experiments)
Composting: Using organic material to grow plants
Composting is the process in which organicAny material containing carbon atoms. wastes are broken down biologically and become dark, fertile soil called . An ancient practice, composting probably began when the original hunter-gatherers began cultivating food and saw that crops grew better in areas where the soil contained manureThe waste matter of animals., the waste matter of animals.
Agricultural composting with manure was being used in the Mesopotamia Valley in Asia as early as 13 B.C. Not surprisingly, Native American tribes practiced composting long ago, as did the first colonists who arrived in North America.
French chemist Jean Baptiste Boussingault (1802887) made significant contributions to agricultural chemistry by suggesting that good soil was made by the action of , bacteria, and fungi that break down waste. Working on his farm, he applied and studied the results of organic methods of farming from 1834 to 1876....
(The entire section is 3408 words.)
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