Compilation of the New Testament (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: The earliest Christian literature was collected as communities and their leaders decided which works should be considered authoritative, laying the foundation for the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
Summary of Event
The New Testament of the Christian Bible is a collection of early Christian writings that eventually supplemented the Hebrew sacred writings in constituting Christian Scripture, or the canon of what came to be accepted as divinely inspired texts. Churches that follow the decisions of the Council of Chalcedon (451 c.e.)—which include the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and all Protestant denominations—accept twenty-seven books, while non-Chalcedonian churches, such as the Syrian Jacobite church, accept fewer.
The generally recognized canon consists of four accounts of the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, known as the Gospels (“good news”; evangelion in Greek); an extension of one of the Gospel accounts that describes the creation of the early Christian communities and some of the travels of Saint Paul (Acts of the Apostles); fourteen letters (epistles) originally ascribed to Paul and addressed to individuals or communities; seven other letters, two ascribed to the apostle Peter, three to John, and one each to Jesus’ brother James and James’s brother Jude; and an apocalyptic vision of Heaven and the end of time ascribed to Saint John the Apostle...
(The entire section is 1533 words.)
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