Columbus Lands in America (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: Columbus lands in America, ending the isolation of the Western Hemisphere from the Old World and Eastern Hemisphere and extending exploration, migration, and cultural exchange.
Summary of Event
At the end of the fifteenth century, the domination of the eastern Mediterranean by the Turks and the obstruction of land routes by the recently triumphant Ottomans at Constantinople had made the old avenues of East-West trade costly and dangerous. The Venetians clung tenaciously to the old routes, while the Genoese and Florentines explored trade links along the west coast of Africa. Their efforts failed; however, Portugal, under the leadership of King John II and Prince Henry the Navigator, renewed earlier expeditions and found a passage around Africa using their island bases. With papal bulls confirming the Portuguese venture, nothing was left for Spain except the exploration of a western route.
Spanish voyages west trace their origins to the 1470’s when Christopher Columbus came to reside in Portugal and joined trading expeditions to the northwest. He probably visited England and Ireland and learned about ocean navigation and command. Scandinavian mariners...
(The entire section is 1593 words.)
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