Coalition Defeats Iraq in Gulf War (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: A coalition defeats Iraq in the Gulf War, uniting the forces of several European nations and the United States to drive Iraq from Kuwait.
Summary of Event
At dawn on August 2, 1990, Iraqi armed forces, lead by the elite and heavily armed Republican Guards Forces Command (RGFC) invaded Kuwait. Tensions had increased between Kuwait and Iraq over questions of oil and borders, but without warning Saddam Hussein ordered his forces to settle the disputes by military invasion. Within three days the occupation of Kuwait was complete, and Saddam Hussein announced that Kuwait was now the nineteenth province of Iraq. On August 2, after spirited discussion, the United Nations passed Resolution 660, which called upon Iraq to unconditionally end its occupation and pull its forces out of the conquered territories. Saddam Hussein forcefully rejected the resolution, and on August 3, Iraqi forces began to concentrate on the Saudi-Kuwaiti frontier. After lengthy discussions with King Fahd of Saudi Arabia, President George Bush dispatched the first American forces from Fort Bragg, North Carolina, to Saudi Arabia.
With American troops arriving in Saudi Arabia, the United Nations passed Resolution 661, which imposed an oil embargo on Iraq and demanded that the national sovereignty of Kuwait be restored. Every statement issued by the United Nations was rejected by the Baghdad government. On August 22, President...
(The entire section is 1361 words.)
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