Civil War of the Dominican Republic (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: The return of the country’s deposed president, Juan Bosch, to power. Result: In a compromise to settle the hostilities a new presidential election was held, allowing Bosch to run once more; however he was defeated by Joaquín Balaguer.
The Dominican Republic is situated on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, a site Dominicans share with the Republic of Haiti. The history of the Dominican Republic has been a tumultuous one, dating back to the time of its settlement by the Spanish conquistadores at the beginning of the sixteenth century.
In 1930, a Dominican army officer trained by the United States, Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina, took over the government. He ruled the country as a dictator for the next thirty-one years. His violent excesses finally led to his assassination, and the country again returned to a period of unstable but supposedly democratic government.
The civil war that racked the country in 1965 reflected the tumultuous history of the Dominican Republic. The president at this time, Donald Reid Cabral, had been installed as the result of the ouster of the country’s legitimately elected president, Juan Bosch, through a military coup. Reid Cabral was not a popular leader. In 1965, a lack of economic progress, coupled with a severe water shortage in the capital itself, had turned the general public against the...
(The entire section is 758 words.)
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