Civil Rights Restoration Act (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: Recipients of federal financial assistance are obligated by nondiscriminatory requirements in all respects, not merely in activity aided by federal funds.
Summary of Event
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 mandated that federal funds could not be used to support segregation or discrimination based on race, color, or national origin. The law did not affect a number of other civil rights problems, however. At Cornell University’s School of Agriculture, for example, women could not gain admission unless their entrance exam scores were 30 to 40 percent higher than those of male applicants. Epileptics were often barred from employment, and persons in wheelchairs had difficulty gaining access to libraries and schools. Persons in their fifties were often told that they were qualified for a job but too old. To rectify these problems, Congress extended the scope of unlawful discrimination in federally assisted schools in Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 to cover gender; the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 expanded the same coverage to the disabled; and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 added age as a protected class.
Enforcement of the statute regarding education was initially assigned to the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, which later became the U.S. Department of Education. OCR ruled that the statute outlawed not only...
(The entire section is 1351 words.)
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