The Civil Rights Act Prohibits Discrimination in Employment (Great Events from History II: Business and Commerce Series)
Article abstract: Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, victims of employment discrimination were legally entitled to a process for resolving grievances.
Summary of Event
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in employment. It is one of the eleven major provisions of the act, which prohibits discrimination in all sectors of society. The significance of the act in general is that it was more comprehensive and contained more power for enforcement than any previous civil rights legislation. Title VII in particular is significant because it drastically changed employment practices in efforts to provide equal opportunity and provided for legal means of resolving the grievances of people who had suffered from employment discrimination in the past and might face it in the future.
Prior to 1964, major legislation prohibiting discrimination in employment practices consisted of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1941 executive order creating the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) to prevent job discrimination in war industries, President Harry S. Truman’s order to desegregate the armed forces in 1948, and the Equal Pay Act of 1963, which prohibited sex discrimination, especially with respect to wages. In the opinion of civil rights advocates, none of these laws was comprehensive enough.
The period between the mid-1950’s and the mid-1970’s was one of widespread...
(The entire section is 2129 words.)
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