The Civil Rights Act of 1968 Outlaws Discrimination in Housing (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: The Civil Rights Act of 1968 was designed to reduce discrimination in the purchasing, renting, and leasing of housing by members of ethnic and racial minorities.
Summary of Event
Residential segregation became a staple of American society in the late nineteenth century and continued into the twentieth. It began in southern cities, in compliance with the “Jim Crow” principle of the inappropriateness of close social contact between the races. Residential segregation became the vehicle to separate blacks from whites. It was accomplished through a combination of real estate practices, intimidation, and legal regulations. As black Americans migrated to the North and West, residential segregation spread to those areas as well. In the North, the real estate industry led in the drive to create segregated housing. Real estate boards adopted regulations prohibiting their members from renting or selling property in predominantly white areas to nonwhites. Members usually complied with the rules, since they could be expelled for noncompliance. Agents steered Asians, African Americans, and other racial minorities away from white preserves. Violence and harassment were frequently aimed against minorities brave enough to venture into white areas. Residential segregation was also institutionalized by law. States, beginning with Virginia in 1912, authorized cities and towns to designate neighborhoods as either black...
(The entire section is 2008 words.)
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