Overview (Masterplots II: Christian Literature)
In 1412, Jan Hus, Jerome of Prague, and other prominent members of the Czech reform movement mounted a vigorous campaign against the sale of indulgences under Antipope John XXIII. As a result of this and other signal acts of disobedience, Hus was placed under major excommunication on October 18 of that year and quickly left Prague so that the city would not fall under a papal interdict. He completed The Church in May of 1413 and then returned to Prague to offer a public reading of its contents at the city Bethlehem chapel.
Hus divided the work into twenty-three chapters. The first ten chapters were most likely completed by February, 1413, and deal mainly with the constitution of the church, its headship, and its divisions. The remaining thirteen chapters, in which Hus defends his stance on controversial issues and refutes charges levied against him by his opponents, are more polemical in nature and appear to have been written for the most part after February, 1413.
Hus defines the holy, catholic, and universal church as a community of all individuals predestined for salvation throughout time. He calls these individuals the predestinate (predestinatos) and distinguishes them from those who cannot become true members of the universal church because they lack grace. He calls this latter group the reprobate (reprobatos) or the foreknown (prescitos). Just as spittle, phlegm, ordure, and urine are not parts of the...
(The entire section is 879 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of The Church Summary. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!