Study Guide

Cathy Song

Cathy Song Biography

Biography (Masterpieces of American Literature)

ph_0111226300-Song.jpgCathy Song Published by Salem Press, Inc.

Cathy Song was born in 1955 to a Korean American airline pilot and a Chinese American seamstress in Honolulu. Until the age of seven, she was raised in Wahiawa, a small plantation town on the island of Oahu that serves as the setting for many of her poems. Because her ancestral roots can be traced to both China and Korea—the two countries where her maternal and paternal grandparents originated—and because she has spent most of her life in Hawaii, Song has at times been identified as a Hawaiian poet; at other times, she has been called either a Korean American or Chinese American poet, though in fact the three aspects of her heritage are essentially indivisible.

As a child, Song exercised her creative energy in what she later called the “pure fantasy” and “dream wishes” of fiction (her first story, written at the age of eleven, is a spy novel), romance (short stories about “beautiful blonde heroines on summer vacations”), and make-believe journalism (“imaginary interviews with movie stars”). Later, she also aspired to be a songwriter like Joan Baez and Joni Mitchell. After her schooling in Hawaii, when Song had left the University of Hawaii for Wellesley College in Massachusetts, her talent in poetry began to blossom. While attending Wellesley, she came across Georgia O’Keeffe’s book Georgia O’Keeffe (1976), which so deeply impressed Song that it inspired her to write an entire sequence of poems (loosely known as the “O’Keeffe poems”)....

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Cathy Song Biography (Masterpieces of American Literature)

Song’s struggle to be heard as a poet is tied to her experience as a woman with multiple cultural backgrounds. Her exploration of subject matter related to immigrants, family history, generational ties, Hawaiian culture, and personal visions of life and art is an integral part of the American experience. Confronted with the gulf between ethnic and mainstream cultures, Song has worked toward bridging the gap with creative means informed by her artistic sensibility. Her unfaltering interest in the primacy of the human and the personal, especially from the perspective of women without voices, is a distinct and dominant trait of her poetry.

Cathy Song Biography (Society and Self, Critical Representations in Literature)

ph_0111228016-Song_Cathy.jpgCathy Song Published by Salem Press, Inc.

Having grown up in the culturally and ethnically diverse society of Hawaii in a family that had been there for at least two generations, Cathy Song does not write about racial or ethnic anxieties or the pains of being an outsider in an Anglo world. Her poems reflect a family that has been close and nurturing. The title of her first book, Picture Bride, refers to her Korean grandmother, who immigrated to Hawaii to marry a man who knew her only from a photograph. Song’s paternal grandfather was also Korean; her mother is Chinese. Song’s original title for the book, “From the White Place,” refers to the paintings of Georgia O’Keeffe, which she encountered while at Wellesley College, from which she was graduated in 1977. She went on to receive a master’s degree in creative writing from Boston University in 1981. Her vivid imagery and interest in the subject of perspective indicate her fascination with visual art. The dominant strain in Picture Bride is the connection between the first-person speaker and her relatives. Song’s poems show little interest in political or social issues per se. Song’s appreciation of her Asian heritage, however, appears powerfully in poems such as “Girl Powdering Her Neck,” which concerns a painting by the eighteenth century Japanese artist, Kitagawa Utamaro, and ends with a haiku: “Two chrysanthemums/ touch in the middle of the lake/ and drift apart.”

Song appears as a somewhat distant...

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Cathy Song Biography (Poets and Poetry in America)

Cathy Song was born in Honolulu in 1955; her mother, Ella Yee Lan Song, was Chinese American, and her father, Andrew Sung Mahn Song, was Korean American and an airline pilot. She grew up in Wahiawa, a small plantation town in a rural section of Oahu, then moved to Honolulu with her family when she was seven years old. She began writing as a high school student and spent two years at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, mentored by John Unterecker, a poet and critic. She then moved to New England, completing a bachelor’s degree in English literature at Wellesley College in 1977 and a master’s degree in creative writing at Boston University in 1981. She and her family lived on the mainland, in Boston and Colorado, for several years.

Song returned to Hawaii in 1987 with her husband, Douglas Davenport, a physician. They had three children: one daughter, Rachel, and two sons, Joshua and Samuel. Song has taught creative writing at various universities, including the University of Hawaii, and for the Poets in the Schools program, which she enthusiastically supports.

Song became a member of the Bamboo Ridge study group, a group of local Hawaiian poets and fiction writers. She has also worked for the Bamboo Ridge Press. In 1991, Song and Juliet S. Kono edited Sister Stew: Fiction and Poetry by Women, a collection of writing by a variety of Hawaiian women that was published by the press.

Cathy Song Biography (Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

ph_0111204322-Song.jpgCathy Song Published by Salem Press, Inc.

A chronological examination of the poems of Cathy Song’s books would result, among other things, in an intimate autobiography and memoir. The title poem of the first collection, Picture Bride, winner of the Yale Younger Poets award for 1982, sets the tone and thematic direction for most of Song’s writing. Meditations and reflections on her family dominate her poems, and she celebrates the self with sensitivity and precision.

After receiving her B.A. from Wellesley College in 1977, Song graduated with an M.A. in creative writing from Boston University in 1981. After teaching at various colleges and universities, she returned to her home in Honolulu with her husband, a physician, and her two children.

Song’s fascination with her own domestic history begins with the title poem of her first book, in which more than two-thirds of the poems pertain to her grandparents, parents, and siblings, as well as her husband and children and herself. The poems are recognizably autobiographical and recognizably written from a female perspective. The first lines of “Picture Bride” refer to the poet’s Korean grandmother, who came to Hawaii and married a Korean immigrant thirteen years older than herself, with whom she had been matched by photograph. Song also inserts herself: “She was a year younger/ than I,/ twenty-three when she left Korea.” At the age of twenty-four Cathy Song was working on her master’s degree in Boston and living in a world very different from that of the Hawaiian sugarcane fields.

Her proposed title for the first book was “From the White Place,” a reference to the art of Georgia O’Keeffe, which significantly influenced her imagery after she encountered the book Georgia O’Keeffe (1976). The five sectional headings in Picture Bride, beginning with “Black Iris,” are drawn from the world of art, but the title of the book selected by the publisher directs the reader toward Song’s ethnic interests.

Song was twenty-seven when Picture Bride was selected...

(The entire section is 843 words.)