Caryl Churchill was born in London, England, on September 3, 1938. She lived in Montreal, Canada, from 1948 to 1955, and there attended the Trafalgar School. From 1957 to 1960, she studied English literature at the University of Oxford and took her bachelor of arts degree from that institution in 1960. Her first dramatic works were produced at the University of Oxford, but many of her early plays remain unpublished. In 1961, she married David Harter; she is the mother of three sons. As his wife’s career developed, Harter gave up his lucrative private law practice so that his wife could spend more time writing. A prolific playwright, Churchill received her first professional stage production in 1972 when Owners was performed at the Royal Court Theatre. From that point on, she became closely associated with that theater. She has been a member of the Joint Stock Theatre Group, an organization dedicated to collective creation of theatrical work, and has worked with the Monstrous Regiment, a feminist theater union. Churchill has contributed frequently to the British Broadcasting Corporation’s (BBC) radio and television broadcasts. In an incident now notorious, she and her director, David Lan, insisted that their names be left off the credits of the BBC’s 1978 television production of The Legion Hall Bombing because the producers had censored the work. As her reputation spread, Churchill’s works were brought to the United States and were staged by Joseph Papp in New York. She is a playwright of considerable international importance.