Other Literary Forms (Critical Survey of Drama, Second Revised Edition)
Carl Zuckmayer’s collected works, Werkausgabe in zehn Bänden, 1920-1975 (1976), consists of ten volumes. In addition to his plays, Zuckmayer’s works include the novel Salwàre (1936; The Moon in the South, 1937), numerous short stories and poems, as well as two volumes of an autobiographical nature—Pro Domo (1938) and Als wärs ein Stück von mir (1969; A Part of Myself: Portrait of an Epoch, 1970). He also wrote several film scripts and adaptations of American plays for the German stage.
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Achievements (Critical Survey of Drama, Second Revised Edition)
The mention of Carl Zuckmayer’s name among reasonably educated people in the German-speaking countries invariably conjures up a number of major dramatic characters, as well as the names of great actors and actresses who embodied these characters on the stage and on the screen. People think of Curt Jürgens as Schinderhannes and as the Devil’s General, of Werner Krauss as the Captain of Köpenick, and of Paula Wessely as Barbara Blomberg. Zuckmayer’s major plays had a tremendous popular appeal. He created a dramatic universe that has become part of the cultural consciousness of generations of German-speaking people. His dramatic uvre depicts at least three distinct periods of twentieth century German history: the end of the Wilhelminian Empire, the Weimar Republic, and the Third Reich. In addition to mirroring the modern age in Germany, he has written a number of remarkable historical plays that have their settings in other centuries and in other countries. Zuckmayer’s autobiographical work A Part of Myself is appropriately subtitled: It is indeed a fascinating “Portrait of an Epoch.”
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Bibliography (Critical Survey of Drama, Second Revised Edition)
Finke, Margot. Carl Zuckmayer’s Germany. Frankfurt, Germany: Haag and Herchen, 1990. A biography of Zuckmayer that focuses on the Germany of his time. Bibliography and index.
Grange, William. Partnership in the German Theatre: Zuckmayer and Hilpert, 1925-1961. New York: Peter Lang, 1991. This study examines the close relationship between Zuckmayer and his principal director, Heinz Hilpert, in the staging and production of German drama. Bibliography and index.
Mews, Siegfried. Carl Zuckmayer. Boston: Twayne, 1981. A basic biography of Zuckmayer that examines his life and works. Bibliography and index.
Wagener, Hans. Carl Zuckmayer Criticism: Tracing Endangered Fame. Columbia, S.C.: Camden House, 1995. Wagener expresses his distress at the declining amount of scholarship involving Zuckmayer and his gradually fading reputation among scholars.
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