Buñuel and Dalí Champion Surrealism in Un Chien andalou (Great Events from History II: Arts and Culture Series)
Article abstract: The Surrealist film Un Chien andalou launched the career of Luis Buñuel and gave him a vehicle for expressing his deeply felt indignation at the moral failures of church and society.
Summary of Event
The intellectual movement that dominated the careers of both Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí and that drove them to produce Un Chien andalou (1928, an Andalusian dog) was Surrealism. Along with Dadaism and expressionism, it was a revolt against representational art.
Led by founder André Breton, the Surrealist movement had its first exhibition in Paris in 1925. Surrealists believed that the contents of the unconscious mind were as real as was the concrete world; therefore, artistic rules that governed merely the physical world, such as those of perspective, were not sufficient as an expression of reality. Surrealist art attempted to depict objects in incongruous juxtapositions, as they might occur in a dream.
Dalí and Buñuel met in 1920 at the University of Madrid. Dalí called his friends a “strident and revolutionary group.” The first one-man exhibition of his paintings came in 1925 in Barcelona. Dalí held Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres and Jacques-Louis David, realist painters from the nineteenth century, in high esteem. In arguing for tradition and classical form, Dalí shocked his Spanish contemporaries, most of whom were absorbed in the Postimpressionist...
(The entire section is 2187 words.)
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