Brewing (Encyclopedia of Science)
Brewing is the multistage process of making beer and other alcoholic malt beverages. Brewing has taken place around the world for thousands of years, and brewed beverages are staples in the diets of many cultures. Although the main modern ingredients in beer are water, barley, hops, and yeast, people have brewed with products as varied as rice, corn, cassava, pumpkins, sorghum, and millet.
Archaeologists have turned up evidence that the Sumerian people in the Middle East were brewing barley grain as long as 8,000 years ago. Ancient
Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Chinese, and Inca also made beer. These early people may have discovered the basic processes of brewing when they observednd then tastedhat happened to fruit juices or cereal extracts left exposed to the wild yeasts that naturally float in the air.
Over the centuries, breweries sprang up throughout Europe where there was good water for brewing. During the Middle Ages (400450), monasteries became the centers for...
(The entire section is 669 words.)
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