Brazilian President Announces Plans to Protect Rain Forests (Great Events from History II: Ecology and the Environment Series)
Article abstract: President José Sarney made a televised address announcing his government’s commitment to protect the Brazilian rain forests, thereby ensuring the release of loans for development projects.
Summary of Event
On October 12, 1988, José Sarney, the president of Brazil, announced that his government would take more serious measures to ensure the preservation of the Amazonian and Atlantic rain forests. His speech was meant to calm the fears of those who believed that Brazilian development projects severely endangered the global environment. Concern over deforestation had escalated to the point that the World Bank in 1988 threatened to withhold funds already earmarked for Brazil.
Economic development in Brazil had for years been associated with expanding opportunity by opening up the country’s vast interior. Specific measures were taken toward this end when President Juscelino Kubitschek announced in 1957 the transfer of the nation’s capital from the city of Rio de Janeiro, located on the southeastern coast, to the newly planned city of Brasilia, to be built on Brazil’s central plateau, six hundred miles from the more heavily populated seaboard. In April, 1960, after three years of frenzied construction, the city of Brasilia was inaugurated, and the Brazilian capital was transferred inland.
To draw population to the new capital city, highways had to be built linking Brasilia...
(The entire section is 2114 words.)
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