Brave New World
The story begins with the Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning giving a guided tour of his baby factory to a group of students. He explains how four levels of humans are artificially created in bottles, each predestined for a specific role.
Bernard Marx is a discontented intellectual, vaguely bothered by the values of his culture, which emphasize promiscuous sex, conspicuous consumption, and thought control. He and Lenina take a holiday in New Mexico, inhabited by “savages” who live in families, worship Christ, suffer pain, and often die of old age.
There they find John, the son of the Director. John has learned English from his mother and a volume of Shakespeare’s plays. Bernard brings the savage to England where John becomes an instant celebrity. The savage, however, cannot reconcile his traditional Christian morality and Shakespearean humanism with the life he sees in England, where everyone is happy but no one is free.
After a clash with authorities over the practice of giving Soma (a hallucinatory but nonaddictive drug) to workers, John is permitted to live as a hermit in an isolated lighthouse.
However, his whereabouts are discovered, and he is hounded to suicide by a public that will not leave him alone.
Brave New World is often contrasted with George Orwell’s 1984, as each represents aspects of present society taken to their extreme. In Huxley’s dystopia, citizens are controlled...
(The entire section is 581 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of Brave New World Critical Essays. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!