Boxer Rebellion (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: Foreign domination of China. Result: A victory for the industrial nations and their imperialistic plans.
In the late 1800’s, China had lost much of its sovereignty and respect. The major industrialized powers had divided it into spheres of influence that allowed a specific nation to dominate the political and economic activities of a particular area. The most devastating attack against Chinese sovereignty was the establishment of the rule of extraterritoriality, which allowed Europeans accused of crimes against the laws of China to be tried in European courts.
The industrialized nations also accelerated the decline of an already weak economic system. The construction of a vast rail network vastly superior to the Grand Canal put thousands of people out of work. The railroads also created economic problems in the cities along the canal because the cities’ economic activity depended on the canal’s trade and commerce. In the provinces, where cotton was the major resource, workers employed in the cultivation of cotton and the spinning of yarn were displaced when the industrialized nations began importing inexpensive high-quality cotton yarn made in Western factories.
Along with China’s political and economic foundations, Chinese culture was also under severe attack. Christian missionaries, under the protection of Western armies, converted tens of...
(The entire section is 695 words.)
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