Bogomils’ Revolt and Pecheneg-Byzantine War (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: Persecution of religious dissidents and control of Byzantine territory. Result: Byzantine victory, empire survives for more than three hundred more years, Pechenegs and Cumans disappear, Bogomil heresy spreads.
The Bogomils, a Christian heretical movement, appeared in the Balkans in the tenth and eleventh centuries. Their theological beliefs mirrored other dualist heresies of the Middle Ages that believed in the equality of God and Satan and depicted the earth as battleground of good and evil. However, just as significant was their social dissidence. They preached against the wealth of the church and the alliance of the upper clergy with the landed aristocracy, calling for apostolic poverty and communal living. The heresy was particular prominent among the common people of Bulgaria and Bosnia. When those regions were under the control of the Byzantine Empire, the Bogomils raised the standard of revolt (1086). At that time, they were strongest in Macedonia and Thrace and had among their followers some residents of Constantinople, including women from prominent families. Their leader, Vasily, along with twelve faithful followers, traveled throughout the country trying to gain converts. The Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus invited Vasily to court to hear his views, but he was tried before an ecclesiastical court, condemned as a heretic, and burned at the stake, and his followers...
(The entire section is 642 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!