“Bloody Sunday” in Northern Ireland (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: “Bloody Sunday” in Northern Ireland occurs when a peaceful demonstration leads to a violent confrontation with British troops.
Summary of Event
On January 30, 1972, a protest rally organized by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, to demand an end to the internment without trial of suspected terrorists resulted in a clash with British troops. Thirteen of the protesters, all Catholics, died, and more were wounded. The event, which quickly became known as “Bloody Sunday,” led to claims that the British had fired without provocation, a charge rejected by the official British investigation called the Widgery Report, although it was confirmed by various eyewitnesses.
Shocking as the deaths were to the Irish and British people, they were only part of a long, complex, and continuing struggle in Northern Ireland. This struggle may be said to have begun anew with the civil rights movement of 1967-1968, but it lay deep in the history of the “damnable question” of Anglo-Irish relations over many generations.
Northern Ireland came into existence on December 6, 1921, as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, a pragmatic compromise negotiated by Prime Minister David Lloyd George in the wake of the Easter Rising of 1916, the electoral victory of the Sinn Féin over the Parliamentary Party in the elections of 1918, and the...
(The entire section is 1438 words.)
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