Historical Context

History of Peru

Peru had been inhabited for thousands of years when, in the twelfth century, the...

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The Black Heralds Literary Style


Repetition is a signature device that Vallejo used throughout his career as a poet. The opening line...

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The Black Heralds Compare and Contrast

1918: In Russia, the Bolsheviks execute the Romanov royal family, setting up a series of events that eventually lead to...

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The Black Heralds Topics for Further Study

• Look for two other existential poets and compare their works to that of Vallejo. What are the common themes among these poets? List and...

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The Black Heralds What Do I Read Next?

• A complex and groundbreaking work, Vallejo’s second book of poetry, Trilce, contains seventy-seven poems filled with creative...

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The Black Heralds Bibliography and Further Reading

Arguelles, Ivan, Review of The Black Heralds, in Library Journal, Vol. 115, Issue 6, April 1,...

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The Black Heralds Bibliography

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Hart, Stephen. Stumbling Between Forty-six Stars. London: Centre of César Vallejo Studies, 2007.

Higgins, James. César Vallejo: An Anthology of His Poetry. New York: Pergamon, 1970.

Sharman, Adam, ed. The Poetry and Poetics of Cesar Vallejo: The Fourth Angle of the Circle. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press, 1997.

Vallejo, César. Selected Poems. Edited by Stephen Hart. London: Bristol Classical Press, 2000.

Vallejo, César. Selected Poems. Translated by Michael Smith and Valentino Gianuzzi. Exeter, England: Shearsman Books, 2006....

(The entire section is 77 words.)