Benediction Themes

Themes and Meanings (Critical Guide to Poetry for Students)

Baudelaire introduced a number of important themes in “Benediction” that he would develop more fully in subsequent poems. Such themes as the dangerous hostility of women and the painful realities of the poet’s life form a part of the negative, and later dominant, dimension of Flowers of Evil. The greatest importance of “Benediction” within Baudelaire’s work, however, lies in its positive elements. The reader meets the child-poet when he is still naïve enough to believe in the vision of his own salvation. His progressive consciousness of his fall from grace in later poems gains poignancy through its contrast with the vision presented here and never completely regained.

Although Baudelaire’s life in the dissipation of nineteenth century Paris could hardly have been further from that of a religious ascetic, he retained a strong sense of traditional Christianity. Religious themes persist even in his most negative descriptions. Thus the poet’s mother, turning to God in anger after the poet’s birth, says, “Since you chose me from among all women,” clearly recalling the similar choice of Mary for the birth of Christ.

The parallelism established between the poet and Christ, both of whom were destined to bring messages of a higher truth to people who would misunderstand them, lends urgency to the poet’s desire for salvation. The singing of the way of the cross and the attempt at Communion, when others intercept the...

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