Summary (Masterplots, Fourth Edition)
Martin Heidegger exerted a strong influence on philosophy, theology, and politics. His most important works include Was ist Metaphysik? (1929; What Is Metaphysics?, 1949), a political treatise Vom Wesen der Wahrheit (1943; The Truth from One Being), and his collected essays, entitled Wegmarken (1967; Pathmarks, 1968). A complete edition of his works, published in 1975, consists of seventy volumes.
Heidegger’s Being and Time is a conception of philosophy based on Franz Brentano’s Von der mannigfachen Bedeutung des Seienden nach Aristoteles (1862; On the Manifold Meaning of Being According to Aristotle). The premise from which Heidegger analyzes the world around him, metaphysics, is a philosophy concerned with the study of the ultimate causes and the underlying nature of things. Being and Time is based on Aristotle’s study of philosophy, which he wrote after his studies related to physics. The entire text provides a linguistic study of language meaning and usage, in the course of which Heidegger creates new words and assigns new meaning to existing words. His goal is to interpret the meaning of existence concretely in accordance with the way people live and with what influences them.
Being and Time is divided into two major parts. In the first part, Heidegger seeks to define the temporality of existence. In the second, he explores the idea of...
(The entire section is 1463 words.)
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