Beggar My Neighbor Summary

Summary (Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

Michael, a white South African boy, is accosted by two black, raggedly dressed, almost emaciated children on his way home from school. Like so many impoverished black children, they are hungry and ask Michael for a piece of bread. At first he rejects them, but touched by their abject posture, he offers to give them bread and jam if they follow him home.

Dora, the black cook at Michael’s home, grudgingly prepares the food, and Michael, experiencing the first flush of a power he has not hitherto known, gives them the bread and patronizingly demands a thank-you from the cowed “piccanins.” The children begin to appear regularly, and the sense of his own generosity gradually helps to inflate Michael’s ego and recently acquired power. He wishes, for example, that the children would be even more obsequious toward him. Michael, an only child, is lonely, and, compelled to rely on his own resources, he is much given to fantasizing. Michael’s ambivalent feelings toward the black children—a sort of love-hate nexus—appear largely in his fantasies and the climactic dream sequence.

Yielding to a whim one day, Michael shows the children a particularly beautiful pen and pencil set, and the piccanins plead for it. Shocked by their desire for something other than food, Michael indignantly refuses and they leave, much to the delight of Dora.

Meanwhile, Michael’s sense of his own importance and power increases, and his fantasies change...

(The entire section is 424 words.)