Study Guide

Bech

by John Updike

Bech Summary

Summary (Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

John Updike’s Bech: A Book is composed of loosely related stories featuring Updike’s fictional literary alter ego Henry Bech, a Jewish novelist from Manhattan who diverges from his creator in numerous significant ways, chief among them his religion and persistent writer’s block. Bech first appeared in “The Bulgarian Poetess” and subsequently became the vehicle through which Updike wrote about his literary travels and satirized the publishing industry. Although the stories were originally published separately, Updike arranged them in a loose picaresque series and added other unpublished material to create a short-story sequence similar to his Olinger Stories (1964) and Too Far to Go (1979). Updike’s assignment of the subtitle “a book” indicates the volume’s intermediate status between a novel and a miscellaneous story collection.

The volume begins with a foreword purportedly written as a letter by Bech to Updike. Bech parses his own literary resemblance to other famous living Jewish writers, as well as to Updike himself, praises Updike for treating the oppression of writers by the publishing industry, criticizes him for his prose, and ultimately bestows his blessing on Updike’s representation of him. This device hints slyly at the volume’s overall themes, establishes its pervasive satirical tone, and provides an ironic critique of Updike’s portrait of the artist while establishing the main character’s voice. Through Bech’s analysis, Updike anticipates some of the critical reviews of his work and introduces the volume’s thematic focus on the writer as self-created character whose life becomes a consumable public fiction that consumes his literary talent.

The picaresque chronicle of Henry Bech’s literary travels opens with three stories that take place in Eastern Europe, returns to the United States for two stories, and then moves back across the Atlantic to England before returning Bech home to Manhattan. The book concludes with two appendixes: excerpts from Bech’s Russian journal and a fictional bibliography of literary criticism on Bech. Bech is a blocked writer who seeks to escape his creative problems by embracing literary celebrity, repeatedly reinforcing and sometimes exacerbating his situation. Updike’s use of the short-story sequence is therefore apt, as each individual story repeats Bech’s dilemma and the overall form depicts a discontinuous life rather than advancing a novelistic plot.

The book’s opening story, “Rich in Russia,” recounts Bech’s ambivalent acquisition of a large sum of rubles, showered on him by the Soviet government as royalties for recent translations of his work. The behavior of the Soviets stands in contrast to that of the American publishing industry, which has taken advantage of Bech’s poor business sense to keep most of the profits from his best-selling novel Travel Light. Experiencing feelings of guilt about taking money from the proletariat, Bech determines to spend the money in Russia, enlisting the aid of Kate, his devoted guide and translator, who is eager to spend time with him.

Obsessed with spending, Bech fails to recognize Kate’s feelings for him until her moist farewell kiss at the airport alerts him to the missed opportunity. As he rushes to his plane, his suitcase bursts open on the runway; though he recovers his purchases—furs and now-cracked watches—he is forced to leave behind copies of his translated books. These lost books represent the excess baggage of a cumbersome literary reputation, and they help Bech understand that he leaves Russia without having experienced it fully. The story’s narrative frame, a college professor relating this episode while lecturing on Bech, provides commentary on Bech’s subject position and highlights the role of literary biography in constructing a character, paralleling Bech’s self-conscious creation of a literary persona.

The next story, “Bech in Rumania,” opens with Bech wearing an astrakhan hat purchased in Russia, alerting readers to the stories’ progressive, interrelated nature. This story also concerns missed connections, signaled by the American Embassy personnel’s failure to recognize Bech at the airport and by the Rumanian Writers’ Union’s attempt to keep him away from the Rumanian literati, who the Americans hope will be stirred up by his presence. Bech accidentally meets one of these writers—a friend of Petrescu, the admiring guide whose devotion to reading and writing...

(The entire section is 1847 words.)

Bech Bibliography (Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Further Reading

Bech, Henry [John Updike]. “Henry Bech Redux.” The New York Times Book Review, November 14, 1971, p. 3. A self-interview by Updike, indulging in mild self-satire in the voice of Henry Bech critiquing and interrogating his creator.

Detweiler, Robert. John Updike. Rev. ed. New York: Twayne, 1984. Analyzes Bech: A Book in the context of Updike’s overall canon, noting its unique comedy and overall themes while explicating individual stories in a chapter titled “The Protestant as Jew.”

Greiner, Donald. John Updike’s Novels. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1984. Places Bech in the context of Updike’s remarks on the American writer’s situation and provides analysis of Bech’s artistic plight and Updike’s satiric stance.

Hamilton, Alice, and Kenneth Hamilton. “Metamorphosis Through Art: John Updike’s Bech: A Book.” Queen’s Quarterly 77 (1970): 624-636. Early study of the volume’s themes, emphasizing Bech’s plight as a struggling artist.

Luscher, Robert M. John Updike: A Study of the Short Fiction. New York: Twayne, 1993. Focuses on the volume as a short-story sequence, emphasizing the overall themes and the stories’ interrelatedness in a chapter titled “Blocked Art and Bygone Ardor: Bech’s Burden.”

Ozick, Cynthia. “Bech, Passing.” In Art and Ardor: Essays. New York: Knopf, 1983. Notes shortcomings of Updike’s depiction of a Jewish protagonist who mostly resembles the author but is surrounded by ethnic trappings.

Pinsker, Sanford. “Updike, Ethnicity, and Jewish-American Drag.” In The Cambridge Companion to John Updike, edited by Stacey Olster. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Analyzes how Updike’s portrayal of Bech as a Jewish writer evolved during Updike’s career, specifically within the context of Jewish American literature.

Siegel, Lee. “Updike’s Bech.” In Falling Upwards: Essays in Defense of the Imagination. New York: Basic Books, 2006. This chapter in a larger study of the literary imagination focuses on Updike’s act of imagining himself as a (Jewish) other in the person of Henry Bech.

Taylor, Larry E. Pastoral and Anti-pastoral Patterns in John Updike’s Fiction. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1971. Remarks on Bech’s appearance as a different direction for Updike, with special attention to tying the stories’ pastoral themes to Updike’s other fiction.