Battle of Tsushima (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Type of action: Naval battle in the Russo-Japanese War. Result: Japanese victory; encouraged peace negotiations that led to the Treaty of Portsmouth, ending the Russo-Japanese War.
The Battle of Tsushima was the decisive naval battle of the Russo-Japanese War. Because of earlier naval actions near Port Arthur, the Russian Pacific Fleet had suffered considerable losses, and the government decided to form second and third Pacific squadrons from older ships of the Baltic Fleet. On the way to the Far East, one squadron mistakenly fired on a group of British cruisers, causing a minor diplomatic incident that required Russian monetary compensation. The two squadrons finally met up off the coast of Indochina on April 26, 1905.
The Japanese sighted the enemy on the morning of May 14, and Vice Admiral Heihachirō Tōgō moved to intercept the Russian ships at the Straits of Tsushima. In the course of the battle, the Russians lost four battleships, and Vice Admiral Zinovy P. Rozhdestvensky was gravely wounded. At nightfall, the Japanese knocked four more Russian ships out of the battle with torpedo attacks. By 10:00 a.m. on May 15, it was clear to the Russian rear admiral that victory was impossible and he ordered his captains to surrender.
During the battle, Japanese casualties were light and no heavy ships were lost. The Russians suffered more than 800 wounded and 5,000...
(The entire section is 359 words.)
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