Battle of Ravenna (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Type of action: Ground battle in the War of the Holy League. Result: French victory and occupation of Ravenna.
From his Apennine hillside, Raymond of Cardona observed the French marching from the Po River south and turning east against papal Ravenna. He sent reinforcements into the city and descended to an area along the Ronco River that afforded his troops protection as they threatened the besiegers from the rear. His heavy cavalry under Fabrizio Colonna formed his left flank, almost touching the Ronco, his light cavalry under Fernando Pescara his right flank, and his infantry under Pedro Navarro the center. Navarro strung out carts along his front with pikemen between the carts, a line of infantry behind the pikemen, and two squares of foot soldiers behind this line. Cardona’s artillery had twenty-four guns to Gaston de Foix’s fifty guns commanded by the expert of the day, Alfonso d’Este.
Gaston’s army crossed the Ronco at dawn, wading and crossing over a bridge opposite the heavy cavalry, then paralleled Cardona’s line without advancing on it. Instead Este fired his guns so effectively into the heavy cavalry that it stormed forward into the French cavalry, reinforced by four hundred lances held at the bridge. The heavy cavalry was beaten, and the same happened to the light cavalry. Navarro repulsed the French infantry but was hit on both flanks by the cavalry. He extricated about 3,000 men to...
(The entire section is 286 words.)
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