Battle of Gettysburg (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Type of action: Ground battle in the American Civil War. Result: Successful Union defense of several Confederate attacks, likely averting the end of the war with a Confederate victory.
In late June, 1863, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia under the command of General Robert E. Lee, in an attempt to end the war with a Confederate victory, took the offensive move to cross the Potomac and to lure the Army of the Potomac into battle. The objective was to rout the Union army north of Washington, D.C., and then march into the Northern capital offering surrender terms.
Ironically, the South came in from the north and the North advanced from the south at Gettysburg. The Union army, led by George G. Meade, took up positions along a line from Culp’s Hill and Cemetery Hill on the northern flank, along Cemetery Ridge in the center, to Little Round Top. The Union battle line thus resembled a fishhook. The Confederate army held most of the town of Gettysburg and was stretched southward along Seminary Ridge, only a few hundred yards from the Union troops.
The first action took place northwest of the town, where the Confederates drove the Union troops back through...
(The entire section is 751 words.)
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