Basarab Defeats Hungarians (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: Basarab defeats the Hungarians, establishing the resurgence of the indigenous Wallachian people, but ongoing strife between Hungary and the Danubian principalities ultimately weakens both, making them vulnerable to Turkish conquest.
Summary of Event
Dacia, the area of southeastern Europe that was later to become part of modern Romania, was by the first century c.e. part of the Roman Empire, although later overrun by the Goths and other barbarian tribes that caused the Romans to abandon the Dacian colony in 271 c.e. The original inhabitants of this area north of the Danube, thought to be Romanized Dacians, were driven out of their original homeland by these invaders. Their territory was settled by Slavic tribes, Bulgars, Avars, and, at the end of the ninth century, by the Magyars (Hungarians) and other tribes from central Asia. The Daco-Romans (later Romanians) disappeared from history for nearly a millennium, then reappeared as Vlachs, although south of their original homeland, around the eleventh century. Although contemporary sources are scanty, it is thought that at least a sizable segment of the Daco-Roman native population retreated into the Carpathian Mountains of Transylvania, where they retained their language and culture, while the flatlands were settled by Slavs, Hungarians, Cumans, and Tatars. The extent to which this is true is still a matter of controversy between Romanians and...
(The entire section is 1418 words.)
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