Study Guide

Baal

by Bertolt Brecht

Baal Summary

Summary (Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

After taking the seat of honor in a dining room filled with admirers, the indigent poet Baal shows more interest in the food on his plate than he does in the praise of his poetry. Mech, a timber magnate, offers to publish Baal’s work, but when Baal makes a pass at his wife, Emily, Mech is offended and leaves—as does everyone else.

Back in Baal’s attic, Johannes asks Baal if he should try to have sex with his fiancé, Johanna. Baal tells him to avoid it because he will not have the toughness to abandon her when his passion dissipates.

Later, Johannes and Johanna meet Baal in a cheap bar, where Baal tells a group of truckers how Emily sought him out. Now Baal is sick of her. When Emily shows up, Baal tells her to drink and then grabs a waitress. Emily threatens to leave. When Johanna offers to accompany her, Emily bursts into tears and explains that Baal always behaves this way, yet she loves him. After Baal sings a song about how much he loves using the men’s room, the truckers cheer. Ekart, a composer, invites Baal to take the party outside, but Baal declines. After Ekart leaves, Emily begs Baal to stop flirting with the waitress. Baal responds by demanding that Emily kiss a trucker. Crying, she consents and the truckers laugh. Johannes and Johanna scold Baal and leave. Emily sobs, and the truckers congratulate Baal for treating her roughly.

Johanna is in Baal’s bed. She is distraught. Baal tells her to wash herself. When she asks him if he still loves her, he says his appetite is satisfied. She leaves. Later, two sisters come to Baal’s room and begin undressing. When one mentions that a girl named Johanna had thrown herself into the river, Baal sends them away.

In the evening, Baal gets drunk and goes looking for a woman. When he returns with a woman named Sophie Barger, a disconsolate Johannes is waiting in his room. Baal sends him away. Sophie prepares to leave too. When she hesitates, Baal grabs her, kisses her, and takes her to his bed. She tells him it is her first time. On a spring night several weeks later, Baal and Sophie lie under the trees. Baal tells Sophie he loves her. She is afraid her mother will think she has drowned.

Baal shows up next in a grimy nightclub where he exchanges songs for drinks. When his request for more gin is refused, he sneaks out before completing his performance. Later, to amuse Ekart, Baal promises a group of farmers his brother will pay a high price for the bull with the strongest legs....

(The entire section is 1020 words.)